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Metals and Metalloids
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Metals are ubiquitous in the environment. Some are even essential for life processes. Metals could have harmful effects to humans and ecosystems under certain conditions. The chemistry and toxicity of metals is challenging and at SETAC, we strive to understand that.

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Metals in the environment


FREE download: Effects of Water Chemistry on Bioavailability and Toxicity of Waterborne Cadmium (2004)

FREE download: Metals in Aquatic Systems

Test Methods to Determine Hazards of Sparingly Soluble Metal Compounds in Soils (2002)

Bioavailability of Metals in Terrestrial Ecosystems: Importance of Partitioning (2002)

Selenium 34 Se 78.96 (2010)

FREE download: Silver: Environmental Transport, Fate, Effects, and Models (2003)

Ecosystem Responses to Mercury Contamination: Indicators of Change (2007)

Journal Articles

IEAM Special Series: Ecological Soil Clean‐Up Values for Metals. IEAM 10(3).

ET&C Focus Article: Accounting for metal bioavailability in assessing water quality: A step change? ET&C 35:257–265

Biotic ligand model of the acute toxicity of metals. I. Technical basis. ETC 20:2378–2396.

SETAC Globe Article

State of the Science on Metals Bioavailability Modeling


SETAC has a long history with assisting intergovernmental organizations involved in mercury work.  SETAC joined the UN Environment Global Mercury Partnership in 2010 to support the Minamata Convention on Mercury.  In 2016, SETAC managed the development of the Central Mercury Knowledge Platform within the Environment Live database for the Global Environment Facility (GEF).