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Multiple Stressors in Ecological Risk and Impact Assessments: Approaches to Risk

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* ISBN: 978-1-880611-40-1 Publication Date: 2000 Pages: 264

Editors: Jeffrey Foran, Susan Ferenc

The second work produced from a SETAC workshop,this effort focuses on identification and development of methods to quantitatively estimate risks posed by multiple stressors and to integrate and differentiate the risks and impacts of multiple stressors in ecosystems.

Issues addressed include

  • quantitative approaches to facilitate comparison of the relative impacts of multiple stressors (i.e., the comparative or relative impacts of several individual stressors)
  • quantitative or qualitative approaches to assess the integrated or cumulative impact of multiple stressors on ecosystem components, and when possible, ecosystem structure and function
  • approaches to assess, quantitatively or qualitatively, the indirect effects of multiple stressors